With traditional treatment methods, doctors often take a bone from other parts of the patient's body such as the hip joint, to repair the gums. These operations are often accompanied by obvious pain, nerve damage and postoperative swelling, so is there possibility that one day we can help the missing gum tissue to grow by 3D printing its own cells? So there is a more economical solution for dental trauma or a situation in which dental caries are severely damaged or even impossiblility to perform dental implants. In fact, this is not a whimsical, the University of Griffith has developed such a technology.
For this three-year study, Griffith University of Australia has been awarded AUD650,000 from the National Health and Medical Research Council. The project is led by Professor Ivanovski, who uses the latest bio-3D technology to produce new, fully customized tissue-engineered bones and gums that can be implanted into the patient's jaw.
This groundbreaking approach begins with scanning the affected jaw bones, then modelling through computer to design the parts that need to be printed, and then completes the production process with a dedicated bioprinter. The temperature of biological printers is strictly required, and the correct physiological temperature is to avoid damage to cells and proteins.
Through this complex organization of 3D printing, doctors can propose many minimally invasive methods for bone replacement. One benefit to the patient is that the risk of complications using this method will be significantly reduced.
The technology is currently undergoing preclinical testing or clinical treatment after one to two years. Regarding the expected cost of treatment, Professor Ivanovski believes this should be a less expensive approach.